Domination, Hegemony and The Panopticon

Domination, Hegemony and The Panopticon

Allora and Calzadilla, Athier, Katherine Bernhardt, Ahmed Bouholaigah, Arnaud Brihay, André Butzer, Jake and Dinos Chapman, James Clar, Manal Al Dowayan, Faile / Bast, Reem Al Faisal, Ian Francis, Michele Giangrande, Gilbert & George, Dan Graham, Loris Gréaud, Shilpa Gupta, Ramin and Rokni Haerizadeh, Damien Hirst, Jenny Holzer, Jeffar Khaldi, Raja’a Khalid, Idris Khan, Barbara Kruger, Huda Lutfi, Jill Magid, Adam McEwen, :mentalKLINIK, Sara Naim, Nicky Nodjoumi, Shahpour Pouyan, Richard Prince, Iman Raad, Hesam Rahmanian, Anselm Reyle, Farzan Sadjadi, Marwan Sahmarani, David Shrigley, Taryn Simon, Sam Taylor-Wood, Ebru Uygun, Vhils, Dan Witz, Word to Mother, Lantian Xie, Ayman Yossri aka Daydban, Zevs
Feb 2 - Mar 31, 2012
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Curated by Rami Farook, ‘Domination, Hegemony and The Panopticon’ explores the mechanism of power through the writings of Jean Baudrillard and Michel Foucault, among others.

In order to grasp how globalization and global antagonism works, we should distinguish carefully between domination and hegemony. One could say that hegemony is the ultimate stage of domination and its terminal phase. Domination is characterized by the master/ slave relation, which is still a dual relation with potential alienation, a relationship of force and conflicts. It has a violent history of oppression and liberation. There are the dominators and the dominated- it remains a symbolic relationship. Everything changes with the emancipation of the slave and the internalization of the master by the emancipated slave. Hegemony begins here in the disappearance of the dual, personal, agonistic domination for the sake of integral reality- the reality of networks, of the virtual and total exchange where there are no longer dominators or dominated.

 - Jean Baudrillard, April 2005

The Panopticon is a type of institutional building designed by English philosopher and social theorist Jeremy Bentham in the late eighteenth century. The concept of the design is to allow an observer to observe (-opticon) all (pan-) inmates of an institution without them being able to tell whether or not they are being watched. The design comprises a circular structure with an "inspection house" at its centre, from which the managers or staff of the institution are able to watch the inmates, who are stationed around the perimeter. Bentham conceived the basic plan as being equally applicable to hospitals, schools, poorhouses, and madhouses, but he devoted most of his efforts to developing a design for a Panopticon prison, and it is his prison which is most widely understood by the term. Bentham himself described the Panopticon as "a new mode of obtaining power of mind over mind."